Lower back pain is most commonly caused by:
- Soft tissue injury to muscles or ligaments supporting the spine
- Injury to the spinal column by discs or facet joint of the spine
A condition that affects the internal organs like the kidneys, intestines or reproductive organs.
Soft tissue damage
Inflammation can develop when muscles in the lower back become overused or stretched too much, or ligaments become sprained or torn. Inflammation can cause muscle spasm, which can lead to pain.
Spinal column injury
Low back pain due to spinal column damage is often caused by:
- Herniated lumbar discs
- Osteoarthritis in the facet joints
- Dysfunction of the sacroiliac joint
- Internal organ problems
Low back pain could indicate a problem in an abdominal organ, such as:
- Kidney infection
- Kidney stones
- Ulcerative colitis
Endometriosis, fibroids and other gynecological conditions
A serious condition could cause lower back pain. If you feel this, it is important to seek immediate medical attention.
- Unusual weakness in your lower body
- Sensation of tingling in the lower part of your body
- Breathing difficulty
There is confusion
- Urination pains
- Urine containing blood
- Treating lower left back pain
- Self-care is often the first step to treating lower back pain.
- Rest for a few days after completing strenuous activities.
- Avoid or minimize any activities that can aggravate your pain.
OTC medications. OTC pain medication, such as naproxen (Aleve), ibuprofen Advil (Bayer), and ibuprofen Advil (Advil), can be used to reduce discomfort.
Ice/heat therapy. Ice packs can reduce swelling. Heat can increase blood flow to relax muscles tension.
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See your doctor
If self-care is not working, a visit to the doctor may be required. For lower back pain, your doctor might prescribe:
Muscle relaxants. To reduce muscle spasms and tightness, drugs such as chlorzoxazone and baclofen (Lioresal), are often used.
Opioids. For the short-term treatment for severe lower back pain, drugs such as hydrocodone (Vicodin and Lortab) and fentanyl (“Actiq”, Duragesic”) are often prescribed.
Surgery is the third option. This is usually the last resort for severe pain after 6-12 weeks of treatment.
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