Reactive arthritis can be caused by an infection. Reactive arthritis is most commonly caused by a sexually transmitted disease or bacterial infection of the intestines.
It is a spondyloarthritis-related autoimmune disease. It is common for arthritis to develop after an infection has been treated.
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Reactive arthritis is characterized by symptoms that affect the smaller joints in the lower extremities. Reiter’s Syndrome, also known as reactive arthritis, was once a trifecta of eye inflammation (conjuntivitis), arthritis (reactive), and urethritis (urary tract inflammation).
What causes reactive arthritis?
Reactive arthritis is most commonly caused by bacterial infection in the urinary tract and intestines. Chlamydia trachomatis, which is responsible for chlamydia infections, is the most commonly associated with reactive arthritis. This bacterium is usually transmitted by sexual contact.
Reactive arthritis can be caused by bacteria that causes food poisoning. Shigella, Salmonella, and other bacteria are two examples.
Joint pain and swelling are two of the most common symptoms of muscular skeletal disease. Most commonly, reactive arthritis affects your ankles, knees, and sacroiliac joint of your pelvis. Joint pain, tightness and swelling may occur in your fingers, back (sacroiliac joint area), buttocks (sacroiliac joint area), and heels (Achilles tendon).
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Urinary symptoms can be caused by a condition called urethritis. The urethrais is the tube that carries your urine from your bladder to outside your body. Urethritis refers to inflammation of the tube. Urethritis can cause pain, burning sensations when you urinate and an urge to urinate frequently.
Reactive arthritis can lead to prostatitis in men. Prostatitis refers to inflammation of the prostate gland. Cervicitis, which is an inflammation of the cervix in women, is called prostatitis. Reactive arthritis can also cause it.
Eyes and skin
Reactive arthritis can cause eye inflammation. Your skin and mouth may also be affected by reactive arthritis. Conjunctivitis refers to inflammation of the eye membranes. Itching, pain, and discharge are all symptoms of conjunctivitis.
Other skin conditions, such as keratoma bulborrhagica (small pustules at the soles) and keratoma blennorrhagica, may include skin rashes. These are rarer than mouth sores. They can be associated with other symptoms of reactive arthritis.
What is the diagnosis of reactive arthritis?
Your doctor will review your medical history and perform a physical exam to determine if you have any inflammation or infection. You can also find out if you have the HLA B27 gene, which increases your risk of developing reactive arthritis.
If you have symptoms that suggest a chlamydia infestation, your doctor may order additional tests. The doctor will examine the urethra of men, and perform a pelvic examination and cervical swab for women. An arthrocentesis is also performed by your doctor. This involves the removal of fluid from your joint using a needle. This fluid is then subject to tests.
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What are the treatment options for reactive arthritis?
Reactive arthritis treatment depends on the cause. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the underlying infection. If necessary, your doctor may prescribe additional medication for conjunctivitis or mouth ulcers.